A comparison of the electromyographic activity (EMG) of the muscles during the release phase of javelin throwing in disabled male world and paralympic champions

Sadeghi, Heydar and Bahrami*, Mostafa and Barjesteh Mohebbi, Behroz (2016) A comparison of the electromyographic activity (EMG) of the muscles during the release phase of javelin throwing in disabled male world and paralympic champions. yafte, 18 (2).

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Abstract

Background : The purpose of this study was to recognize the performance of the pectoralis major, anterior deltoid, and triceps muscles of the disabled male world and paralympic championsby the EMG. Materials and Methods: The electrical activity of the pectoralis major, anterior deltoid, and triceps muscles of 24 disabled Iranian male world and paralympic throwers in sitting and standing positions was recorded by a surface electromyographic device. To determine the significant differences of the sitting and standing classes, the statistics techniques of the One Way ANOVA and the independent t- test at the 0.05 sinificant level were administered to the recorded data. Results: The activity (amplitude) of pectoralis major and anterior deltoid muscles of the participants differed significantly in the sitting classes. Also, the activity of triceps muscles in the standing classes and that of pectoralis major muscles of the sitting and standing classes while the amplitude of triceps muscles of sitting classes, pectoralis major and anterior deltoid muscles of the standing classes, and anterior deltoid and triceps muscles of both sitting and standing classes was not significantly different. (p<0.05). Conclusion: The means of all the variables in the sitting classes were more than those in the standing classes. The highest amplitude belonged to the anterior deltoid, pectoralis major and triceps muscles of the sitting classes, respectively. This is due to the disabled throwers’ paralysis in the sitting position compared with that of the throwers in standing positions. The comparison of the amplitude recorded by surface electromyography of the disabled throwers’ muscles in all classes showed that the pectoralis major, anterior deltoid, and triceps muscles have major roles in the disabled male world and paralympic champions’ throwing events. Keywords: Electromyography, Disabled throwers, Muscle amplitude.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Depositing User: Samira Sepahvandy
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2016 06:08
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2016 06:08
URI: http://eprints.lums.ac.ir/id/eprint/87

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