Control of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Using Deltamethrin Treated Nets in Comparison to Indoors Residual Spraying in a Rural Area of Iran

Kayedi, Mohammad Hassan and Rassi, Yavar and Chegeni-Sharafi, Ali and Rostami, Reza and Rafizadeh, Sayena and Abdali, Nargess (2017) Control of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Using Deltamethrin Treated Nets in Comparison to Indoors Residual Spraying in a Rural Area of Iran. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, 46. pp. 835-842. ISSN 2251-6085

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Abstract

Background: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is an important vector-borne disease in Iran. The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Deltamethrin treated nets in comparison to Indoors Residual Spraying (IRS) for the control of leishmaniasis in a new focal area of Iran. Methods: The study was carried out in 5 villages in the west of Iran during 2012-2013. One village was selected to the application of Insecticide Treated Nets (ITNs, 25 mg/m(2) deltamethrin) among residents. Four other villages were considered for IRS using deltamethrin emulsion, 2.5% EG and Aicon 10WP. Spraying was repeated after 3 month. Other control methods e. g. environmental managements, and treatment of positive cases were carried out in all villages. Results: After 1 yr of trial, the cases of disease reduced from 50 to 2 and 128 to 5 for ITNs distributed nets and use of IRS in the villages, respectively. Conclusion: Reduction of CL cases in both methods were significant (P< 0.001). Keywords Author Keywords:Cutaneous leishmaniasis; Deltamethrin; Insecticide treated nets; Indoors residual spraying; Iran KeyWords Plus:IMPREGNATED BEDNETS; BED NETS; VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS; CHILD-MORTALITY; CURTAINS; EFFICACY; MALARIA; IDENTIFICATION; MORBIDITY; PROGRAM

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: sobhan rezaiian
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2017 20:04
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2017 20:04
URI: http://eprints.lums.ac.ir/id/eprint/982

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