A review of treatments for leishmaniasis wound using the prescriptions of traditional medicine

Parsaei, Pouya and Karimi, Mehrdad and Mardani, Mahnaz (2017) A review of treatments for leishmaniasis wound using the prescriptions of traditional medicine. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED BIOTECHNOLOGY AND RESEARCH, 8. pp. 2050-2058. ISSN 0976-2612

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Abstract

Leishmania protozoan is an intracellular pathogen that can cause a wide spectrum of diseases in human ranging from a skin wound to visceral infections. Annually, around 15000 people acquire leishmaniasis in Iran. Trivalent and pentavalent antimonials are used to treat leishmaniasis. Treatment with antimonials is usually long term and causes drug resistance and toxicity. Leishmaniasis is an important parasitic disease that is currently expanding in the world. Because traditional medicine prescriptions are effective and useful to treat diseases, this review seeks to introduce the prescriptions of Iranian traditional medicine to treat leishmaniasis wound. To conduct this review, the search terms Leishmania, leishmaniasis, Salak, traditional medicine, ethnomedicine, ethnopharmacology, Iran, and medicinal plants were used to retrieve traditional medicine prescriptions for leishmaniasis from databases including Scopus, Institute for Scientific Information, Scientific Information Database, and Magiran. According to the evidence on traditional medicine, gillyflower, fleawort, peach, medlar, henna, armenian flower, olive, common soda-plant and purging cassia containing minerals, etc. are used to treat leishmaniasis. Geraniol, linalool, citronellol, stearoptene, allopurinol, flavonoid, phenolic compounds, proanthocyanidin, sterols, chromones, flavonoids, anthraquinones, diterpenoids, triterpenoids, catechin, furfural, chrysophanine, carotenes, and other organic compounds include amino acids, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, acetic acid, anthocyanin, carotene, and beta-cryptoxanthin are effective compounds on leishmaniasis and can be used to produce effective drugs for this infection. Keywords Author Keywords:Leishmaniasis; wound; traditional medicine; Iran

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: sobhan rezaiian
Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2017 20:34
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2017 20:34
URI: http://eprints.lums.ac.ir/id/eprint/958

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