THE PREVALENCE RATE OF HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS CO-INFECTION IN HBV AND HCV POSITIVE PATIENTS IN LORESTAN PROVINCE: A SINGLE REFERRAL CENTER EXPERIENCE

Nazer, Mohamad Reza and Obeidavi, Zia and Garmsiri, Mahshid and Darvishi, Mohammad and Taherian, Seyed Pouria and Nouruzi, Samaneh (2017) THE PREVALENCE RATE OF HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS CO-INFECTION IN HBV AND HCV POSITIVE PATIENTS IN LORESTAN PROVINCE: A SINGLE REFERRAL CENTER EXPERIENCE. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED BIOTECHNOLOGY AND RESEARCH, 8. pp. 842-848. ISSN 0976-2612

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Abstract

The aim of present study was to determine the prevalence rate of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) co-infection in HBV and HCV positive patients. It was also done in order to determine the risk factors of HBV and HCV transmission in Lorestan province. In this cross-sectional study (September 2014 to September of 2016), after presenting full details to patients, their written consent was obtained, and at the next stage, they were referred to high-risk behavior counseling centers in the city. The centers tried to collect demographic and epidemiological information and to determine possible ways of transmission for each patient. Then, the patients were referred to the pathobiology labs throughout the city to conduct laboratory supplementary studies. Finally, the obtained findings were analyzed using SPSS software and P<0.05 was set as the significant level of differences.Out of a total of 373 patients in this study, 252 of them (67.56%) were male and 121 (32.44%) were female. In this research, 80.7% of patients (301 patients) were suffering from HBV, 15% (56 patients) from HCV, and 4.3% (16 patients) from HBV/HCV co-infection. In this survey, all the patients were examined regarding HIV infection. The conducted tests indicated that there was no patient with HBV/HIV co-infection. On the other hand, in HCV positive patients, 9 patients (16.07 percent) were concurrently infected with HIV; in addition, of 16 patients with HBV/HCV co-infection, one patient (6.25 percent) was infected by HIV. In terms of risk factors of HBV transmission, it was observed that the most common risk factor waspositive family history (37.85%), and in those with HCV infection, a history of IV drug abuse (36.11%) was the most common risk factor. Taking into consideration the risk factors for HBV and HCV infections, education about their transmissionrouts and prevention are emphasized.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: sobhan rezaiian
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2017 12:13
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2017 12:13
URI: http://eprints.lums.ac.ir/id/eprint/915

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