The impact of disease characteristics on multiple sclerosis patients’ quality of life

Rezapour, Aziz and Almasian Kia, Abdollah and Goodarzi, Sahar and Hasoumi, Mojtaba and Nouraei Motlagh, Soraya and Vahedi, Sajad (2017) The impact of disease characteristics on multiple sclerosis patients’ quality of life. Epidemiol Health, 39.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the quality of life (QoL) of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), and to investigate the effects of characteristics of MS such as disease course, severity, and relapses on patients’ QoL. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study, in which 171 patients were enrolled. Health-related QoL was assessed using the Persian version of the Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life-54 questionnaire. To measure patients’ disability status, we used the Expanded Disability Status Scale. Other variables included in the study were disease course and relapses of the disease. RESULTS: The average scores for patients’ physical and mental QoL were 60.9±22.3 and 59.5±21.4, respectively. In a bivariate analysis, disease course, severity of the disease, and relapses were significantly associated with the physical and mental health composite scores. In a hierarchal regression analysis, disease course, severity of the disease, and relapses were responsible for 38 and 16% of the variance in physical and mental QoL, respectively. It was also observed that relapses were a strong predictor of both physical and mental QoL. CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that disease characteristics significantly affected both dimensions of QoL. It is therefore suggested that health care providers should be aware of these characteristics of MS to more successfully improve MS patients’ QoL. KEY WORDS: Quality of life, Multiple sclerosis, Iran, Disease attributes

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: sobhan rezaiian
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2017 12:13
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2017 12:13
URI: http://eprints.lums.ac.ir/id/eprint/901

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