Control of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Using Deltamethrin Treated Nets in Comparison to Indoors Residual Spraying in a Rural Area of Iran

KAYEDI, Mohammad Hassan and RASSI, Yavar and CHEGENI-SHARAFI, Ali and ROSTAMI, Reza and RAFIZADEH, Sayena and ABDALI, Nargess (2017) Control of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Using Deltamethrin Treated Nets in Comparison to Indoors Residual Spraying in a Rural Area of Iran. Iran J Public Health, 46 (6). pp. 835-842.

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Abstract

Abstract Background: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is an important vector-borne disease in Iran. The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Deltamethrin treated nets in comparison to Indoors Residual Spraying (IRS) for the control of leishmaniasis in a new focal area of Iran. Methods: The study was carried out in 5 villages in the west of Iran during 2012-2013. One village was selected to the application of Insecticide Treated Nets (ITNs, 25 mg/m2 deltamethrin) among residents. Four other villages were considered for IRS using deltamethrin emulsion, 2.5% EG and Aicon 10WP. Spraying was repeated after 3 month. Other control methods e.g. environmental managements, and treatment of positive cases were carried out in all villages. Results: After 1 yr of trial, the cases of disease reduced from 50 to 2 and 128 to 5 for ITNs distributed nets and use of IRS in the villages, respectively. Conclusion: Reduction of CL cases in both methods were significant (P<0.001). Keywords: Cutaneous leishmaniasis, Deltamethrin, Insecticide treated nets, Indoors residual spraying, Iran

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: sobhan rezaiian
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2017 12:10
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2017 12:10
URI: http://eprints.lums.ac.ir/id/eprint/803

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