Patients' Experience of Tuberculosis Treatment Using Directly Observed Treatment, Short-Course (DOTS): A Qualitative Study

Behzadifa, Masoud) and Mirzae, Masoud) and (Behzadifar,, Meysam) and Keshavarzi,, Abouzar) and Behzadifar, Maryam and (Saran,, Maryam (2015) Patients' Experience of Tuberculosis Treatment Using Directly Observed Treatment, Short-Course (DOTS): A Qualitative Study. IRANIAN RED CRESCENT MEDICAL JOURNAL, 17 (4). pp. 24-30. ISSN 2074-1804

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Abstract

Background: Despite effective diagnosis and treatment, prevalence of tuberculosis (TB) is still growing. The directly observed treatment, short-course (DOTS) strategy to treat TB was introduced by the World Health Organization more than a decade ago. Little is known about patients' experience of TB treatment, according to DOTS, in Iran. Objectives: This study aimed to understand the patients' experience of tuberculosis treatment according to DOTS in Iran. Patients and Methods: This study is a qualitative study, using content analysis to examine patients' experience of TB treatment and to understand their compliance during DOTS. In this study, a semi-structured interview with open questions was answered by 40 patients, who had a diagnosis of pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis, and improved during the course of their treatment. The method of sampling was purposive sample and the interview process lasted until data saturation. Results: Data analysis resulted in the extraction of six themes, which reflect the experiences of the study participants. The themes are: 1) individual factors; 2) change of the attitudes and beliefs of patients on TB treatment; 3) support terms of patients with tuberculosis; 4) the role of health care professionals; 5) social factors and 6) the financial burden. Conclusions: Successful completion of TB treatment requires an effective partnership between the patient and health care professionals, and a harmony between the cultural context, attitude of the patient, family support and health literacy. Future health policies should address these issues to improve patients' adherence to DOTS.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NB Sculpture
Depositing User: sobhan rezaiian
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2017 12:05
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2017 12:05
URI: http://eprints.lums.ac.ir/id/eprint/708

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