Fabrication and characterization of a polysulfone-graphene oxide nanocomposite membrane for arsenate rejection from water

(Rezaee, Reza) and Nasseri, Simin and Mahvi, Amir Hossein and Nabizadeh, Ramin and Mousavi, Seyyed Abbas and Rashidi, Alimorad and Jafari, Ali)[ and Nazmara, Shahrokh (2015) Fabrication and characterization of a polysulfone-graphene oxide nanocomposite membrane for arsenate rejection from water. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, 13 (61). pp. 12-15. ISSN 2052-336X

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Abstract

Background: Nowadays, study and application of modified membranes for water treatment have been considered significantly. The aim of this study was to prepare and characterize a polysulfone (PSF)/graphene oxide (GO) nanocomposite membrane and to evaluate for arsenate rejection from water. Materials and methods: The nanocomposite PSF/GO membrane was fabricated using wet phase inversion method. The effect of GO on the synthesized membrane morphology and hydrophilicity was studied by using FE-SEM, AFM, contact angle, zeta potential, porosity and pore size tests. The membrane performance was also evaluated in terms of pure water flux and arsenate rejection. Results: ATR-FTIR confirmed the presence of hydrophilic functional groups on the surface of the prepared GO. FE-SEM micrographs showed that with increasing GO content in the casting solution, the sub-layer structure was enhanced and the drop like voids in the pure PSF membrane changed to macrovoids in PSF/GO membrane along with increase in porosity. AFM images indicated lower roughness of modified membrane compared to pure PSF membrane. Furthermore, contact angle measurement and permeation experiment showed that by increasing GO up to 1 wt%, membrane hydrophilicity and pure water flux were increased. For PSF/GO-1, pure water flux was calculated about 50 L/m(2)h at 4 bar. The maximum rejection was obtained by PSF/GO-2 about 83.65 % at 4 bar. Moreover, it was revealed that arsenate rejection depended on solution pH values. It was showed that with increasing pH, the rejection increased. Conclusions: This study showed that application of GO as an additive to PSF casting solution could enhance the membrane hydrophilicity, porosity, flux and arsenate rejection.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Depositing User: sobhan rezaiian
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2017 12:04
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2017 12:04
URI: http://eprints.lums.ac.ir/id/eprint/689

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