Regulation of connexin 43 and microRNA expression via beta 2-adrenoceptor signaling in 1321N1 astrocytoma cells

Khaksarian, Mojtaba and Mostafavi,, Hossein and Soleimani,, Masoud) and Karimian,, Seid Morteza) and Ghahremani,, Mohammad Hassan and Joghataee,, Mohammad Taghee and Khorashadizadeh, Mohsen and Aligholi,, Hadi) and Attari, Fatemeh and Hassanzadeh,, Gholamreza)[ (2015) Regulation of connexin 43 and microRNA expression via beta 2-adrenoceptor signaling in 1321N1 astrocytoma cells. MOLECULAR MEDICINE REPORTS, 12 (2). pp. 1941-1950. ISSN 1791-2997

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Connexin 43 (Cx43) is the main gap junction protein in astrocytes and exerts the same effects on growth inhibition in astrocytoma and glioma as microRNA-146a (miR-146a) in glioma. beta 2-adrenergic receptor (AR) signaling modulates Cx43 expression in myocytes via components downstream of protein kinase A (PKA) and exchange protein directly activated by cAMP (Epac). However, it remains to be elucidated how expression of Cx43 is modulated in astrocytes. In the present study, 1321N1 astrocytoma cells were treated with beta 2-AR signaling agents in order to evaluate the expression of Cx43 and miRNAs. RNA and protein were extracted from the cells for use in reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis, respectively. The results revealed that clenbuterol increased miR-146a level and upregulated Cx43 expression via cAMP/PKA at the mRNA and protein level. Pre-inhibition of adenyl cyclase decreased expression of Cx43 and miR-146a. PKA activation and overexpression of miR-146a in A-1321N1 cells increased the expression of Cx43. beta 2-AR stimulation and 6Bnz, a PKA activator, suppressed oncomiRs and miR-27a, while 8-(4-chlorophenylthio)-2'-O-methyladenosine-3',5'-cyclic monophosphate, an Epac activator, increased their levels. The current findings demonstrated that beta 2-AR signaling has growth inhibitory effects via modulation of the cAMP/PKA pathway in A-1321N1 cells through increasing the expression level of Cx43 and miR-146a as well as decreasing miR-155 and miR-27a levels. Thus, stimulation of the beta 2-AR and PKA signaling pathway may be a useful approach for astrocytoma therapy.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: K Law > KF United States Federal Law
Depositing User: samira sepahvandy
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2017 12:04
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2017 12:04

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