Efficacy of Myrtus communis L. to Inactivate the Hydatid Cyst Protoscoleces

Mahmoudvand, Hossein and Fallahi,, Shirzad and Mahmoudvand, Hormoz and Shakibaie, Mojtaba and Harandi, Majid Fasihi and Dezaki, Ebrahim Saedi (2016) Efficacy of Myrtus communis L. to Inactivate the Hydatid Cyst Protoscoleces. JOURNAL OF INVESTIGATIVE SURGERY, 29 (3). pp. 137-143. ISSN 0894-1939

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Purpose: The present study aims to investigate the scolicidal effects of Myrtus communis L. essential oil against protoscoleces of hydatid cysts and also its toxicity in mice model. Materials and Methods: Protoscoleces were aseptically aspirated from sheep livers having hydatid cysts. Various concentrations of the essential oil (12.5-100 mu l/ml) were used for 5-30 min. Viability of protoscoleces was confirmed using eosin exclusion test (0.1% eosin staining). Moreover, 48 male NMRI mice were used to determine the acute and sub-acute toxicity of M. communis essential oil. One-way ANOVA with Tukey's post-hoc test was used to assess differences between experimental groups. Results: Findings of the present study demonstrated that the M. communis essential oil at the concentration of 100 mu l/ml after 5 min of exposure killed 100% protoscoleces. Similarly, the mean mortality rate of protoscoleces after 10 min of exposure to concentration of 50 mu l/ml was 100%. However, lower concentrations (12.5 and 25 mu l/ml) of M. communis essential oil provoked a delayed protoscolicidal effects. The LD50 values of intraperitoneal injection of the M. communis essential oil was 2.23 mL/kg body wt. No significant difference (p > .05) was observed in the clinical chemistry and hematological parameters following oral administrations of M. communis essential oil at the doses 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, and 0.4 mL/kg for 14 days. Conclusion: The results showed potent scolicidal activity of M. communis with no significant toxicity, which might be used as a natural scolicidal agent in hydatid cyst surgery.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
Depositing User: samira sepahvandy
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2017 12:02
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2017 12:02
URI: http://eprints.lums.ac.ir/id/eprint/656

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