PREVALENCE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF DIETARY SUPPLEMENT USERS IN KHORRAMABAD CITY, SOUTHWEST OF IRAN: A DESCRIPTIVE CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY

Anbari, Khatereh and Ghanadi, Koroush and Bemani, Sam and Obeidavi, Zia (2016) PREVALENCE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF DIETARY SUPPLEMENT USERS IN KHORRAMABAD CITY, SOUTHWEST OF IRAN: A DESCRIPTIVE CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY. The IIOAB Journal – Institute of Integrative Omics and Applied Biotechnology Journal, 7 (8). pp. 178-183.

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Abstract

ABSTRACT In recent years, using a variety of dietary supplements in the daily diet has increased rapidly around the world. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of dietary supplements consumption and tendency causes and related factors with its usage in adults referred to health care centers of Khorramabad city in 2015. In this cross-sectional study, the study population included all adults (over 18 years) referring to health service centers in Khorramabad in a 6 month period. The method of sampling was multistage sampling and the data collection instrument was a multi-sectional questionnaire. In this study, 171 people (48.9 percent) of subjects had a history of regular usage at least one of dietary supplements that this usage was once a day in 138 people (80.7 percent) and two or three times a day in 28 people (16.4 percent). In examining distribution frequency of different supplements usage in consumers of dietary supplements, it is also observed that the most frequency of dietary supplements usage is related to iron (70.5%) and Folic Acid (70.5%), then, calcium (30.1%), multivitamin (25.4%), calcium- vitamin D (17.3 %), vitamin B complex (16.8%), vitamin D (15%), vitamin B6 (15%), vitamin C (9.5 %) and vitamin A (9.2 %), respectively. On the other hand, the least frequency of dietary supplements usage was related to Chrome, Magnesium, and Potassium (each 2.3%). Differences in taking dietary supplements based on sex, educational level, marital status, occupation, place of residence, body mass index, smoking history, current physiological conditions, and chronic diseases were statistically significant (P<0.05). According to the fact that tendency to take dietary supplements was more in lower ages, therefore it is necessary

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: sobhan rezaiian
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2017 12:01
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2017 12:01
URI: http://eprints.lums.ac.ir/id/eprint/645

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