Enhancing activity and thermostability of Lipase A from Serratia marcescens by site-directed mutagenesis

Mohammadi, Mohsen and Sepehrizadeh, Zargham and Ebrahim-Habibi, Azadeh and Shahverdi, Ahmad Reza and Faramarzi, Mohammad Ali and Setayesh, Neda (2016) Enhancing activity and thermostability of Lipase A from Serratia marcescens by site-directed mutagenesis. Enzyme and Microbial Technology.

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Abstract

Lipases as significant biocatalysts had been widely employed to catalyze various chemical reactions such as ester hydrolysis, ester synthesis, and transesterification. Improving the activity and thermostability of enzymes is desirable for industrial applications. The lipase of Serratia marcescens belonging to family I.3 lipase has a very important pharmaceutical application in production of chiral precursors. In the present study, to achieve improved lipase activity and thermostability, using computational predictions of protein, four mutant lipases of SML (MutG2P, MutG59P, Mut H279K and Mut L613W A614P) were constructed by site-directed mutagenesis . The recombinant mutant proteins were over-expressed in E. coli and purified by affinity chromatography on the Ni-NTA system. Circular dichroism spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry and kinetic parameters (Km and kcat) were determined. Our results have shown that the secondary structure of all lipases was approximately similar to one another. The MutG2P and MutG59P were more stable than wild type by approximately 2.3 and 2.9 in T1/2, respectively. The catalytic efficiency (kcat/Km) of MutH279K was enhanced by 2-fold as compared with the wild type (p<0.05). These results indicate that using protein modeling program and creating mutation, can enhance lipase activity and/or thermostability of SML and it also could be used for improving other properties of enzyme to the desired requirements as well as further mutations. Key words: Family I.3 Lipase, Site-directed mutagenesis, Serratia marcescens, Differential scanning calorimetry , CD spectra

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Depositing User: sobhan rezaiian
Date Deposited: 07 May 2017 06:05
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2017 15:31
URI: http://eprints.lums.ac.ir/id/eprint/562

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