Association between air pollution and sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL): A systematic review and meta-analysis

Ranjdoost, Fatemeh and Ghaffari, Mohammad-Ebrahim and Azimi, Faramarz and Mohammadi, Amir and Fouladi-Fard, Reza and Fiore, Maria (2023) Association between air pollution and sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL): A systematic review and meta-analysis. Environ Res, 239.

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Recent studies have indicated that air pollution (AP) has harmful effects on hearing and ear diseases such as Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss (SSHL). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of exposure to AP on SSHL incidence. Valid electronic databases were searched to retrieve studies published until December 1, 2022, using appropriate keywords. The result of the search was 1146 studies, and after screening according to the defined criteria, in total 8 studies were obtained. The risk of bias (ROB) in the studies and their quality were assessed. Finally, the meta-analysis with a significance level of 5% was performed. The findings revealed that the mean level of SO2, CO, NO2, and PM10 in the patient group was more than that of the control group, and p-values were 0.879, 0.144, 0.077, and 0.138, respectively. There was an indirect relation between air pollutants and SSHL, and PM2.5 showed a significant effect (p < 0.05). Given the limited research and the use of different statistical methods, more research is suggested to confirm this association and to determine the mechanisms by which AP exposure may cause SSHL. Keywords: Air pollution; Ambient air; Exposure; Meta-analysis; PM(2.5); SSHL; Sudden sensorineural hearing loss.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RF Otorhinolaryngology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: samira sepahvandy
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2023 06:19
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2023 09:47

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