Effect of triage training on nurses' practice and triage outcomes of patients with acute coronary syndrome

Gholami, Mohammad and Fayaz, Maryam and Hosseinabadi, Reza and Anbari, Khatereh and Saki, Mojgan (2023) Effect of triage training on nurses' practice and triage outcomes of patients with acute coronary syndrome. Int Emerg Nurs.

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Background: Accurate assessment and prompt management of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a complex process for emergency department (ED) nurses and has variable clinical outcomes. The aim of the present study was to determine the effectiveness of an educational intervention on nurses' practice during the triage of patients with ACS and the triage outcomes in this group of patients. Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, a pretest-posttest group of 24 nurses were included by convenience sampling method and 960 patients with ACS were selected by sequential sampling during the pre-intervention (n = 480) and post-intervention (n = 480) phases. A case-based learning (CBL) intervention was performed for nurses for one month considering the role of the triage nurse according to the American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) recommendations as well as the factors affecting the proper identification and management of patients with ACS. During patient triage in the pre- and post-intervention phases, the "Triage Nurse Practice Checklist" and the "Medical Electronic Records" were used to assess nurses' practice and the triage outcomes in patients, respectively. Results: The overall mean score of the triage nurses' practice and its subscales, including Primary monitoring and assessment, cardiovascular risk factors assessment, evaluation of coronary heart disease (CHD) symptoms, chest pain management, and adherence to the ACC/AHA practice guidelines were significantly improved in the post-intervention phase compared with the pre-intervention phase (p < 0.001). There was no significant difference between the triage outcomes, including in-hospital mortality within 24 hours, death in ED, hospitalization in other wards, and discharge from ED in the pre and post-intervention phases (P = 0.723). Conclusion: The development of a cardiac triage-specific educational program could improve the performance of nurses in the evaluation and management of patients with ACS, but had no effect on the triage outcomes in this group of patients. We recommend a quality improvement project or a critical outcomes-based triage system to assess ACS patients' care needs in the ED.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RT Nursing
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: samira sepahvandy
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2023 05:47
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2023 05:47
URI: http://eprints.lums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4170

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