Genome-Wide Evaluation of Transcriptomic Responses of Human Tissues to Smoke: A Systems Biology Study

Sohrabi, Seyed Sajad and Rashidipour, Marzieh and Sohrabi, Seyyed Mohsen and Hadizadeh, Morteza and Shams, Mohammad-Hossein and Mohammadi, Mohsen (2022) Genome-Wide Evaluation of Transcriptomic Responses of Human Tissues to Smoke: A Systems Biology Study. Gene.


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The harmful compounds in various sources of smoke threaten human health. So far, many studies have investigated the effects of compounds of smoke on transcriptome changes in different human tissues. However, no study has been conducted on the effects of these compounds on transcriptome changes in different human tissues simultaneously. Hence, the present study was conducted to identify smoke-related genes (SRGs) and their response mechanisms to smoke in various human cells and tissues using systems biology based methods. A total of 6,484 SRGs were identified in the studied tissues, among which 4,095 SRGs were up-regulated and 2,389 SRGs were down-regulated. Totally, 459 SRGs were smoke-related transcription factors (SRTFs). Gene regulatory network analysis showed that the studied cells and tissues have different gene regulation and responses to compounds of smoke. The comparison of different tissues revealed no common SRG among the all studied tissues. However, the CYP1B1 gene was common among seven cells and tissues, and had the same expression trend. Network analysis showed that the CYP1B1 is a hub gene among SRGs in various cells and tissues. To the best of our knowledge, for the first time, our results showed that compounds of smoke induce and increase the expression of CYP1B1 key gene in all target and non-target tissues of human. Moreover, despite the specific characteristics of CYP1B1 gene and its identical expression trend in target and non-target tissues, it can be used as a biomarker for diagnosis and prognosis

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: samira sepahvandy
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2022 04:55
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2022 04:55

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