Efficacy of Pistacia khinjuk Fruits on Viability of Hydatid Cyst Protoscoleces and Its Acute Toxicity in Mice Model

Hossein MAHMOUDVAND, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences and Ebrahim BADPARVA, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences and Mehdi GHASEMI KIA, Shahid Bahonar University and Seyed Reza MIRBADIE, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences and Saeedeh SHAMSADINI LORI, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, and *Majid FASIHI HARANDI, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, (2016) Efficacy of Pistacia khinjuk Fruits on Viability of Hydatid Cyst Protoscoleces and Its Acute Toxicity in Mice Model. Iran J Parasitol, 11 (3).

[img] Text
علم3.pdf

Download (414kB)

Abstract

Background: This investigation aimed to evaluate the in vitro scolicidal effects of Pistacia khinjuk methanolic extract against protoscoleces of hydatid cysts and its acute toxicity in mice NMRI model. Methods: Protoscoleces were aseptically extracted from sheep livers having hydatid cysts. Various concentrations of the essential oil (12.5- 100 mg/mL) were used for 10 to 60 min. Viability of protoscoleces was confirmed using eosin exclusion test (0.1% eosin staining). Twenty-four male NMRI mice were used to assess the acute toxicity of P. khinjuk. Results: P. khinjuk extract at the concentrations of 100 mg/mL after 10 min of exposure killed 100% of protoscoleces. Similarly, the mean of mortality rate of protoscoleces after 20 min of exposure to the concentration of 50 mg/mL was 100%. The LD50 of the intraperitoneal injection of the P. khinjuk methanolic extract was 2.8 g/kg and the maximum non-fatal dose was 1.7 g/kg. Conclusion: The findings demonstrated effective scolicidal effects of P. khinjuk extract with no considerable toxicity that might be a natural source for the producing of new scolicidal agent.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Depositing User: sobhan rezaiian
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2017 06:19
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2017 06:19
URI: http://eprints.lums.ac.ir/id/eprint/358

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item