Regeneration of dentin-pulp complex by using dental pulp stem cells in dog

Haddadi, Pardis and Dehghani Nazhvani, Fatemeh and Kazempour, Setareh and Hosseini, Seyed-Mojtaba and Dehghani Nazhvani, Ali (2021) Regeneration of dentin-pulp complex by using dental pulp stem cells in dog. Dent Res J (Isfahan).


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Introduction: Although missing tooth is not life-threatening, it affects the quality of daily life. Stem cells have emerged as an important player in the generation and maintenance of many tissues. The role of scaffolds has changed from a passive carrier to a bioactive matrix, which can be used to induce cellular behavior. The aim of this study was to determine the possibility of regeneration of dentin-pulp complex with dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) in an animal model. Materials and methods: In this animal study after extraction of DPSCs and cultivation, 10 types of scaffolds were made by using platelet-rich plasma (PRP), cancellous bone, and collagen pad. They were inserted in different parts of the dog's mouth. After the 4th month, the area was operated, and the scaffolds were removed. Results: Microscopic examination revealed no sign of cell differentiation and formation of new structures in those models which used collagen scaffolds. However, the dentin-pulp complex emerged in models that the combination of bone scaffolds and PRP or stem cells was used. Conclusion: Using bone scaffolds in combination with PRP or DPSCs to regenerate dentin-pulp complex in dog helped odontoblastic and pulpal differentiation as well as the formation of predentin and tubular dentin.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: samira sepahvandy
Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2021 05:11
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2021 05:11

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