A policy analysis of agenda-setting of Brucellosis in Iran using a multiple-stream framework: Health policy and historical implications

Behzadifar, Masoud and Shahabi, Saeed and Zeinali, M and Ghanbari, Mahboubeh Khaton and Bragazzi, N.L (2021) A policy analysis of agenda-setting of Brucellosis in Iran using a multiple-stream framework: Health policy and historical implications. Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene.

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Background. Brucellosis, a major zoonotic disease, is highly present in Iran, especially in Lorestan province. The aim of this study was to understand the issues related to Brucellosis utilizing the multiple streams framework. Methods. A two-step method was adopted: 1) assessment of brucellosis-related documents and 2) interviews with stakeholders. As a first step, all documents related to Brucellosis were reviewed at provincial and national levels. Policy documentation on health issues included the consultation of guidelines, rules and regulations, websites, reports, books, guides, and conferences. These documents were collected by referring to specialized centers, institutions, and organizations. In the second step, semistructured interviews were conducted to determine the burden of disease with actors and stakeholders involved with the brucellosis program in the Lorestan province. More in detail, physicians, healthcare workers, managers, policy- A nd decision-makers were selected for interviews. Results. The problem stream was characterized by: 1) high prevalence of the disease, 2) traditional livestock production, 3) unsafe animal slaughtering, 4) centers for the sale and distribution of non-authorized dairy products, 5) raw milk and 6) traditional unsafe dairy products consumption, 7) incomplete livestock vaccination, 8) lack of knowledge of Brucellosis, 9) neighboring countries with high prevalence of Brucellosis, 10) lack of livestock quarantine, and 10) nomadic immigration. The policy stream was characterized by 1) primary healthcare networks, 2) guidelines, 3) medicines, insurance, and 4) diagnostic services. Finally, the political stream was characterized by: 1) support of the University of Medical Sciences, 2) sponsorship by the Ministry of Health and Medical Education, 3) Health transformation plan, and 4) Working Group on Health and Food Security in Lorestan. Conclusion. This study examined the brucellosis-related agenda setting: If different issues are taken into consideration, it can be perceived as a health priority. © 2021 Pacini Editore S.p.A.. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: samira sepahvandy
Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2021 05:00
Last Modified: 15 Aug 2021 05:00
URI: http://eprints.lums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2937

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