Primary synovial sarcoma of thyroid gland: A case report and review of literature

Seyed-Alagheband, Seyed-Ahmad and Sharifian, Masoud and Adeli, Omid-Ali and Sohooli, Maryam and Shekouhi, Ramin (2021) Primary synovial sarcoma of thyroid gland: A case report and review of literature. International Journal of Surgery Case Reports.

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Introduction and importance: Synovial cell sarcoma (SS) is an extremely rare mesenchymal malignancy, representing nearly 10% of all soft-tissue sarcomas. These high-grade soft tissue sarcomas commonly arise in the para-articular regions of lower extremities. However, 15% of Synovial sarcomas has been described at Unusual locations, including head, neck, and trunk. Herein, we describe the twelfth case of primary synovial cell sarcoma of thyroid with a literature review. Case presentation: A 43-year-old woman presented with complaint of a progressive neck mass for the last five-months. She developed with dysphagia and dyspnea nearly 2 months prior, without signs of hoarseness, and weight loss. Ultrasonography in which revealed a heterogeneous, hypervascularized thyroid mass. After total thyroidectomy immunohistochemistry was in favor of primary synovial cell sarcoma of thyroid. The diagnosis was confirmed via Molecular genetic analysis of the SYT-SSX fusion gene transcript using the RT- polymerase chain reaction method. Clinical Discussion: Primary thyroid SVS is an extremely rare malignancy with poor biological behavior. SVS has been known for its tendency to local and distal re-occurrence after a few years of treatment. SS can be classified into two subtypes of monophasic or biphasic based on the presence of mesenchymal and/or epithelial components. Accordingly, the most accurate diagnostic tool for SS is considered to be molecular genetic analysis for SYT/SSX fusion transcript. Conclusion: Herein, we reported an extremely rare case of SVS of thyroid gland. These high-grade soft tissue sarcomas mainly present with an asymptomatic rapid growing neck mass. Unspecific clinical presentations and extreme rarity of this disorder, make the diagnosis of thyroid SVS very challenging. Due to paucity of data, there is not enough evidence to establish a reliable mortality rate. However, the prognosis of thyroid SVS seems unfavorable.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: samira sepahvandy
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2021 04:23
Last Modified: 14 Aug 2021 04:23

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