Genetic associations and serum paraoxonase levels with atherosclerosis in western Iranian patients

Shahsavari, Gholamreza and Nouryazdan, Negar and Adibhesami, Glavizh and Birjandi, Mehdi (2021) Genetic associations and serum paraoxonase levels with atherosclerosis in western Iranian patients. Molecular Biology Reports volume.


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The oxidative modification of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in the arterial wall plays a pivotal role in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis which is a complex and progressive disorder. Paraoxonase1 (PON1), which is required for lipid metabolism, is believed to protect LDL from oxidation. The relationship between PON1 gene Leusin55Methionin (L55M) and Glutamine192Arginine (Q192R) polymorphisms in western Iranians with atherosclerosis and its association with enzyme activity and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) were examined in the present study. In this study, blood specimens were collected from 145 healthy individuals and 154 patients with atherosclerosis proven by angiography referred to Shahid Madani Hospital, Khorramabad, Iran. Genomic deoxy ribonucleic acid (DNA) was extracted from whole blood. For all the subjects, restriction fragment length polymorphism-polymerase chain reaction (RFLP-PCR) was carried out for the detection of L55M and Q192R polymorphisms. PON1 enzyme activity and the level of oxLDL were also evaluated. There was a 3.114-fold increase in the risk of developing atherosclerosis in the subjects presenting the PON1L55M, MM genotype compared to those with the LL genotype (OR 3.114; 95% CI 1.412–6.870). PON1Q192R polymorphism in the PON1 gene was not associated with atherosclerosis. Patients with atherosclerosis had significantly higher oxLDL and reduced PON1 enzyme activity (P < 0.05) compared to the controls. There was no association between the type of genotype, enzyme activity, and oxLDL level. It has been concluded that PON1L55M polymorphism and MM genotype are associated with an increased risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) in Iranian patients with atherosclerosis. We did not find any relationship between PON1Q192R polymorphism and atherosclerosis.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RB Pathology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: samira sepahvandy
Date Deposited: 22 May 2021 14:05
Last Modified: 22 May 2021 14:05

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