Autoimmune Manifestations among Patients with Monogenic Inborn Errors of Immunity

Mohsenzadeh, Azam and Azizi, Gholamreza and Tavakol, Marzieh and Yazdani, Reza and Delavari, Samaneh (2021) Autoimmune Manifestations among Patients with Monogenic Inborn Errors of Immunity. Pediatric Allergy and Immunology.

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Background: The inborn errors of immunity (IEIs) are a group of heterogeneous disorders mainly characterized by severe and recurrent infections besides other complications including autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. In this study, we aim to evaluate clinical, immunological, and molecular data of monogenic IEI patients with and without autoimmune manifestations. Methods: We have retrospectively screened cases of monogenic IEI in the Iranian PID registry for the occurrence of autoimmunity and immune dysregulation. A questionnaire was filled for all qualified patients with monogenic defects to evaluate demographic, laboratory, clinical, and molecular data. Results: A total of 461 monogenic IEI patients (290 male and 171 female) with a median (IQR) age of 11.0 (6.0-20.0) years were enrolled in this study. Overall, 331 patients (72.1%) were born to consanguineous parents. At the time of the study, 330 individuals (75.7%) were alive and 106 (24.3%) were deceased. Autoimmunity was reported in 92 (20.0%) patients with a median (IQR) age at autoimmune diagnosis of 4.0 (2.0-7.0) years. Sixteen patients (3.5%) showed autoimmune complications (mostly autoimmune cytopenia) as the first presentation of the disease. Most of the patients with autoimmunity were diagnosed clinically with common variable immunodeficiency (42.4%). The frequency of sinusitis and splenomegaly was significantly higher in patients with autoimmunity than patients without autoimmunity. In patients with autoimmunity, the most common pathogenic variants were identified in LRBA (in 21 patients, 23.0%), ATM (in 13 patients, 14.0%), and BTK (in 9 patients, 10.0%) genes. In the evaluation of autoimmunity by different genes, 4 of 4 IL10RB (100%), 3 of 3 AIRE (100%), 21 of 30 LRBA (70.0%) mutated genes had the highest prevalence of autoimmunity. Conclusions: Autoimmune phenomena are common features among patients with monogenic IEI and are associated with a more complicated course of the disease. Therefore, when encountering autoimmune disorders especially in the setting of dysgammaglobulinemia, it would be appropriate to conduct next generation sequencing (due to phenocopies of IEI genes) to discover responsible genes for the immune dysregulation at an early stage of the disease. Keywords: Inborn Errors of Immunity; Primary immunodeficiencies; autoimmunity; inflammation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: samira sepahvandy
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2021 03:48
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2021 03:48

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