Copper nanoparticles: Biosynthesis, characterization, and protoscolicidal effects alone and combined with albendazole against hydatid cyst protoscoleces

Ezzatkhah, Fatemeh and Mahmoudvand, Hossein and Khudair Khalaf, Amal (2021) Copper nanoparticles: Biosynthesis, characterization, and protoscolicidal effects alone and combined with albendazole against hydatid cyst protoscoleces. Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy. ISSN 0753-3322


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Background: Surgery remains the preferred treatment option for hydatid cyst (cystic echinococcosis); however, recent studies have demonstrated that the current protoscolicidal agents used during surgery are associated with some adverse side effects such as biliary fbrosis, hepatic necrosis, and cirrhosis. The present study aims to evaluate the in vitro and ex vivo anti-parasitic effects of copper nanoparticles (CuNPs) alone and combined with albendazole on hydatid cyst protoscoleces. Methods: CuNPs was green synthesized using C. spinosa extract. Various concentrations of CuNPs (250, 500, and 750 mg/mL) alone and combined with albendazole (ALZ, 200 mg/mL) were exposed to protoscoleces collected from the liver fertile hydatid cysts of infected sheep for 5− 60 min in vitro and ex vivo. Next, the eosin exclusion test was applied to determine the viability of protoscoleces. Caspase-3 like activity of CuNPs-treated protoscoleces was then evaluated using the colorimetric protease assay Sigma Kit based on the manufacturer’s instructions. Results: Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) results showed that the particle size of CuNPs was 17 and 41 nm with the maximum peak at the wavelength of 414 nm. The maximum protoscolicidal activity of CuNPs was observed at the concentration of 750 mg/mL in vitro, so that 73.3 % of protoscoleces were killed after 60 min of exposure. Meanwhile, the mortality of protoscoleces was 100 % after 10 min of exposure to 750 mg/mL of CuNPs along with ALZ (200 mg/mL). Nevertheless, the fndings proved that CuNPs even in combination with ALZ required a longer time to kill protoscoleces ex vivo. After 48 h of treating protoscoleces, CuNPs in a dosedependent manner and at doses of 250, 500, and 750 mg/mL induced the caspase enzyme activation by 20.5 %, 32.3 %, and 36.1 %, respectively. Conclusion: The fndings of the present investigation showed potent protoscolicidal effects of CuNPs, especially combined with albendazole, which entirely eliminated the parasite after 10− 20 min of exposure. The results also showed that although the possible protoscolicidal mechanisms of CuNPs are not clearly understood, the inducing apoptosis through caspases is one of the main protoscolicidal mechanisms of CuNPs. However, supplementary studies, especially in animal models and clinical settings, are needed to approve these results.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: samira sepahvandy
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2021 04:56
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2021 04:56

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