Prevalence of iron defciency anemia in Asian female population and human development index (HDI): an ecological study

Goodarzi, Elham and Beiranvand, Reza and Naemi, Hasan (2020) Prevalence of iron defciency anemia in Asian female population and human development index (HDI): an ecological study. Obstet Gynecol Science.

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Abstract

Objective Anemia is a major problem in developing countries, the purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between the human development index (HDI) and the prevalence of anemia among Asian women. Methods This was a descriptive-analytic ecological study. The study analyzed data including HDI and prevalence of anemia extracted from the World Bank. The correlation coeffcient and analysis of variance were used for data analysis. The signifcance level was considered to be less than 0.05. Analyses were performed using Stata-14 software. Results The results revealed that the prevalence of anemia in women of reproductive age (R=−0.626, P<0.001), pregnant women (R=−0.576, P<0.001) and non-pregnant women (R=−0.623, P<0.0001) was signifcantly negatively correlated with HDI index. In the analysis of HDI components and the prevalence of anemia, a signifcant negative correlation was observed between the prevalence of anemia and the mean years of schooling, life expectancy at birth, and expected years of schooling indices in all 3 groups of women (non-pregnant, pregnant, and of reproductive age) (P<0.05). Conclusion Since there was a negative correlation between the prevalence of anemia in women and HDI, paying greater attention to factors which influence anemia may contribute to the prevention of anemia in developing countries.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: samad darabian
Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2020 03:36
Last Modified: 02 Sep 2020 03:36
URI: http://eprints.lums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2299

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