Thyroid Function Modulates Lung Fluid and Alveolar Viscoelasticity in Mechanically Ventilated Rat

Owji, S and Varedi, Masoumeh and Naghibalhossaini, Fakhraddin and Pajouhi, Naser (2020) Thyroid Function Modulates Lung Fluid and Alveolar Viscoelasticity in Mechanically Ventilated Rat. Journal of Surgical Research.

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Background :Mechanical ventilation (MV) is life saving; yet it may induce severe lung injury and lead to multisystem organ failure and death. Thyroid hormones (THs) promote alveolar fluid clearance and alleviates hypoxia-induced lung injury. Given that the mechanism involved in hypoxia-induced lung injury is different from that of ventilator-induced lung injury, we examined the effects of thyroid function on lung extravascular fluid (LF), aquaporin 5 (AQP 5) expression, and alveolar viscoelasticity (AVE) in mechanically ventilated rat. Methods :Hypothyroid (hypo) and hyperthyroid (hyper) animals were generated by administration of metimazole and L-thyroxine, respectively. Lung injury was induced by high-tidal volume MV. The LF was estimated by lung wet weight-to-dry weight ratio assessment. Expression of AQP 5 was evaluated by western blotting and in situ immunohistochemistry. The AVE was judged by elastic lung pressure/volume curve recording. Results :Injurious MV significantly reduced lung AQP 5 expression and altered LF and AVE in a thyroid function–dependent manner. Regardless of animals' ventilation mode, hyper state caused significant reductions in LF and lung AQP 5 protein. It also improved AVE irrespective of animals' ventilation mode. The effects of hypo condition on LF, AQP 5 expression, and AVE were in contrast to that of hyper state. Conclusions: These data indicate that thyroid function has profound effects on LF, AQP 5, and AVE in mechanically ventilated lungs. Given that the effects of thyroidal status were as prominent as that of injurious MV, we suggest that thyroid function should be considered when patients are to be subjected to MV.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RB Pathology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: samira sepahvandy
Date Deposited: 18 May 2020 04:43
Last Modified: 18 May 2020 04:43

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