Polyunsaturated fatty acids and DNA methylation in colorectal cancer

Moradi Sarabi, Mostafa and Zare, Zohre and Eftekhar, Ebrahim (2019) Polyunsaturated fatty acids and DNA methylation in colorectal cancer. World Journal of Clinical Cases.


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Colorectal cancer (CRC) has been designated a major global problem, especially due to its high prevalence in developed countries. CRC mostly occurs sporadically (75%-80%), and only 20%-25% of patients have a family history. Several processes are involved in the development of CRC such as a combination of genetic and epigenetic alterations. Epigenetic changes, including DNA methylation play a vital role in the progression of CRC. Complex interactions between susceptibility genes and environmental factors, such as a diet and sedentary lifestyle, lead to the development of CRC. Clinical and experimental studies have confirmed the beneficial effects of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in preventing CRC. From a mechanistic viewpoint, it has been suggested that PUFAs are pleiotropic agents that alter chromatin remodeling, membrane structure and downstream cell signaling. Moreover, PUFAs can alter the epigenome via modulation of DNA methylation. In this review, we summarize recent investigations linking PUFAs and DNA methylationassociated CRC risk. Key words: Colorectal cancer; Polyunsaturated fatty acids; DNA methylation, Epigenetic; Docosahexaenoic acid; Eicosapentaenoic acid

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: samira sepahvandy
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2020 09:00
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2020 09:00
URI: http://eprints.lums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1943

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