temporal variations of ambient air pollutants and meteorological influences on their concentrations in Tehran during 2012–2017

Yousefian, Fatemeh and faridi, Sasan and Azimi, Faramarz and Aghaei, Mina and Shamsipour, Mansour and Yaghmaeian, Kamyar and Hassanvand, Mohammad Sadegh (2019) temporal variations of ambient air pollutants and meteorological influences on their concentrations in Tehran during 2012–2017. Scientific RepoRtS.


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We investigated temporal variations of ambient air pollutants and the influences of meteorological parameters on their concentrations using a robust method; convergent cross mapping; in Tehran (2012– 2017). Tehran citizens were consistently exposed to annual PM2.5, PM10 and no2 approximately 3.0–4.5, 3.5–4.5 and 1.5–2.5 times higher than the World Health Organization air quality guideline levels during the period. Except for O3, all air pollutants demonstrated the lowest and highest concentrations in summertime and wintertime, respectively. The highest O3 concentrations were found on weekend (weekend effect), whereas other ambient air pollutants had statistically significant (P < 0.05) daily variations in which higher concentrations were observed on weekdays compared to weekend (holiday effect). Hourly O3 concentration reached its peak at 3.00 p.m., though other air pollutants displayed two peaks; morning and late night. Approximately 45% to 65% of AQI values were in the subcategory of unhealthy for sensitive groups and PM2.5 was the responsible air pollutant in Tehran. Amongst meteorological factors, temperature was the key influencing factor for PM2.5 and PM10 concentrations, while nebulosity and solar radiation exerted major influences on ambient SO2 and o3 concentrations. Additionally, there is a moderate coupling between wind speed and NO2 and CO concentrations.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: samira sepahvandy
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2020 04:21
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2020 04:21
URI: http://eprints.lums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1927

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