Investigating the physicochemical, sensory and microbial properties of plant-based protein products (meat-free burgers) formulated using various Vicia ervilia (L.) Willd. Protein isolates

Hatamikia, M and Elhamirad, A.H and Heydari, Rouhollah and Sharayei, P and Azarpazhooh, E (2019) Investigating the physicochemical, sensory and microbial properties of plant-based protein products (meat-free burgers) formulated using various Vicia ervilia (L.) Willd. Protein isolates. Plant Science Today, 6 (3). pp. 346-355.

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Abstract

The present study investigated the effect of using various protein isolates of Vicia ervilia (L.) Willd. (Bitter vetch; Family: Fabaceae) in formulating plant burgers on physicochemical, sensory and microbial properties of the resulting plant-based protein products. The results indicated that the plant-based protein products in the formulation of which protein isolates produced based on salt extraction methods were used, had higher rates of protein, fat and oil. On the contrary, they had lower rates of carbohydrate and moisture in contrast to the plant-based protein products formulated using protein isolates produced based on isoelectric precipitation methods. The reason for the high amount of fat and protein in these treatments can be attributed to the isolates' production conditions, high amount of oil diffused from the product in contrast to low oil retention and absorption capacity and low level of the measured moisture in comparison with the high protein content. In the current century, due to the uneven human population growth as well as the limited growth of animal resources, the debate about protein deficiency is particularly important in developing societies. Efforts for finding abundant and cheap herbal sources of protein have led to various researches regarding the use of some such less-known legumes in developing countries. In this regard, different protein isolates of Vicia ervilia have been used in the formulation of vegetable burgers to produce a new, inexpensive and productive plant protein product in the food industry.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: sobhan rezaiian
Date Deposited: 28 Aug 2019 04:43
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2019 04:43
URI: http://eprints.lums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1778

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