Effect of Local Ropivacaine on Hemodynamic Responses in Craniotomy Patients

Beiranvand, Siavash and Vahabi, Sepideh (2018) Effect of Local Ropivacaine on Hemodynamic Responses in Craniotomy Patients. JOURNAL OF INVESTIGATIVE SURGERY, 31 (6). pp. 464-468.

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Background: Increased intracranial pressure (ICP) with hemodynamic is of major concern to anesthesiologists and surgeons in craniotomy surgery. Thus, the management of hemodynamic stability is essential in neuro-anesthesia. This study was performed to investigate the effect of local infiltration of 0.5% ropivacaine on hemodynamic responses in craniotomy patients. Material and methods: 64 ASA class I -II patients, scheduled for elective craniotomies, were enrolled in this prospective randomized double blind placebo controlled study. These patients were randomly divided into the ropivacaine group, who were administered with 0.5% ropivacaine (n = 32), and the placebo group administered with 0.9% normal saline (NaCl) (n = 32). Anesthesia was induced with 3 mu g/kg fentanyl, 5 mg/kg thiopental and 0.5 mg/kg atracurium, and was maintained with isoflurane (0.8-1 = MAC) in 50% N2O, 1 mg/kg /30 minutes, 40% oxygen and 0.05 mg/kg /hour fentanyl. Five minutes prior to surgery, 10 mL of 0.5% ropivacaine was injected in the line of skin incision in the ropivacaine group, while 10 mL of normal saline was injected in placebo group. Thereafter, the systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean arterial blood pressures (MABP), and heart rate (HR) were measured before infiltration into the incision area, 30 seconds, 3 minutes, 5, 10, and 30 minutes after infiltration into the scalp. For higher BP and HR, an adjunct 0.5 mcg/kg of fentanyl was prescribed and administered. Results: A significant difference was observed for SBP, DBP, MABP and HR, between the two groups at different times during craniotomy (p < 0.05). A significant decrease was observed for SBP, DBP, MABP and HR during craniotomy in 0.5% ropivacaine group as compared with placebo group (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Local anesthetic of 0.05% ropivacaine scalp infiltration is effective in clinical usage of regional anesthesia for producing good quality anesthesia, it seems to be a significant choice for management of optimal hemodynamic profile, providing a better hemodynamic stability during craniotomy.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: samira sepahvandy
Date Deposited: 20 May 2019 05:46
Last Modified: 20 May 2019 05:46
URI: http://eprints.lums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1710

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