The application of ZnO/SiO2 nanocomposite for the photocatalytic degradation of a textile dye in aqueous solutions in comparison with pure ZnO nanoparticles

Noorimotlagh, Zahra and Shams Khoramabadi, Ghodratollah and Darvishi, Reza and godini, Hatam (2014) The application of ZnO/SiO2 nanocomposite for the photocatalytic degradation of a textile dye in aqueous solutions in comparison with pure ZnO nanoparticles. Desalination and Water Treatment. pp. 1-8.

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Abstract

One of the major disadvantages of the application of ZnO nanoparticles as photocatalyst in photocatalytic systems is photoinstability due to the photocorrosion under UV light irradiation resulting in the significant reduction in their photocatalytic activity. Therefore, in the present study, SiO2 nanopowders were incorporated into the ZnO nanoparticles to enhance their photocatalytic activity for the decolorization of methylene blue (MB) dye in comparison with pure ZnO/UV process. The efficiency of UV/ZnO/SiO2 process was compared with UV/ZnO process for the decolorization of MB dye and the removal of chemical oxygen demand (COD). The effect of various amounts of SiO2 (5, 10, and 15%) incorporated into ZnO nanoparticles was studied. At optimal SiO2 loading of 10%, the decolorization efficiency of MB and the removal of COD were obtained to be 100 and 81%, respectively. However, using UV/ZnO process at the same operational conditions, the decolorization efficiency of MB and the removal of COD were 66 and 44%, respectively. An initial pH of 7 and initial dye concentration of 25 mg/L were chosen as optimal experimental conditions. It can be stated that the incorporation of SiO2 nanopowders into the ZnO nanoparticles would be beneficial for enhancing their photocatalytic activity. Keywords: Photocatalysis; ZnO nanoparticle; Nanocomposite; Decolorization; COD

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: sobhan rezaiian
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2016 08:02
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2016 08:02
URI: http://eprints.lums.ac.ir/id/eprint/160

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