Applying psychoeducational program on general health and communication skills in caregivers of patients with schizophrenia: A randomized controlled trial

Rezaei, O and Bayani, A and Mokhayeri, Yaser and Waye, K and Sadat, Y and Haroni, J and Latifi, M and Mohammadi, R and Ghaffari, M and Noroozi, M and Alibeigi, N and Sayadnasiri, M and Fadai, F and Ghahestany, D.A and Dieji, B and Ahounbar, E and Etivand, M and Armoon, B (2018) Applying psychoeducational program on general health and communication skills in caregivers of patients with schizophrenia: A randomized controlled trial. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY, 32 (4). pp. 174-181.

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Abstract

Background and objectives: Through the use of an experimental design with a baseline and post intervention, the aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a psychological intervention in increasing public health and communication skills for caregivers. Methods: This randomized controlled trial was designed in Razi Hospital in Tehran, Iran. A sample size of 90 participants was evenly divided into intervention and control groups. The intervention group was given routine treatments and also participated in planned educational sessions. The planned educational program was implemented in 10 group sessions over a period of 5 weeks. Each session lasted 4560 min. The outcome measures were: (1) improvement in the caregiver's general health as measured by the changes in their General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) scores taken at baseline and post intervention and (2) changes in the caregiver's communication skills, measured by the communication skills questionnaire taken at baseline and after 3 months. Results: An independent samples t-test revealed that there was a significant difference between the two groups in the mean scores of communication skill at baseline (P < 0.001). To adjust for the effects of pre-intervention scores on the post-intervention results, a covariance analysis was used. Consequently, differences between the mean scores of post-intervention GHQ total, GHQ subcategories, and communication skills in the intervention group and the control group were statistically significant (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Results of our study confirm that providing education on effective communication skills can be an effective, cost-efficient, and convenient strategy to reduce the psychological complications for caregivers and improve the care of patients living with schizophrenia.(C) 2018 Asociacion Universitaria de Zaragoza para el Progreso de la Psiquiatria y la Salud Mental. Published by Elsevier Espana, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: sobhan rezaiian
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2019 05:07
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2019 05:07
URI: http://eprints.lums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1527

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