Investigating Occupational Infections in Hospital Staff

Nazer, Mohamad Reza and Rafiee-Alavi, Seyed Ezatollah (2018) Investigating Occupational Infections in Hospital Staff. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL AND PHYTOPHARMACOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 8 (4). pp. 23-27.

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Abstract

Introduction: With the spread of emerging diseases, more new infections threaten health care workers. One of the most important ways of transmitting infections is contact with infected blood and fluids of human body, including hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV infection. In this study, we will look at ways of transferring them at a general hospital. Materials and methods: This study was conducted from 2012-2013 at a general hospital on data from all the health care workers who had been exposed to blood and body fluids of patients. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and Fisher's exact test by SPSS 20. Results: The highest rate of occupational exposure was found among nurses (32.5%) and students (20%). These exposures had occurred most commonly in the emergency ward (41.3%). Percutaneous injury was reported in 96.3% of the cases. The history of hepatitis B vaccination was positive in all of the exposed health care workers. About 13.8% of the exposures had occurred in hepatitis B positive patients, and exposures with unknown sources were the most common (56.3%). Conclusion: Having experience is the most important way of preventing occupational infections, and this experience should be transmitted by training newly arrived staff and students to the hospital, particularly specially students, who are most likely to be affected and contaminated. Moreover, a pre-and post-challenge planning for each health facility should be placed

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: sobhan rezaiian
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2018 08:26
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2018 08:26
URI: http://eprints.lums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1464

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