Application of Stem Cells to Infertility Treatment with Emphasis on Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Ovarian Stem Cells

Lorzadeh, Nahid and Kazemirad, Nastaran (2018) Application of Stem Cells to Infertility Treatment with Emphasis on Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Ovarian Stem Cells. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PERINATOLOGY, 35 (12). pp. 1142-1147.

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Abstract

Stem cells are a population of undifferentiated cells that originated from embryonic and fetal stages of development. Stem cells possess the potency to produce cells that ultimately form different tissues and organs. They are considered as potential alternative novel therapeutic agents for patients suffering from infertility due to their unlimited source and high differentiation potency. There are several studies that have shown that different types of stem cells (mesenchymal stem cells, embryonic, endometrial, and ovarian stem cells) can be differentiated into both spermatozoa and oocytes in vitro, proving their potential clinical use in management and cure of infertility issues. Furthermore, mouse model studies have shown that ovarian stem cells, when cultured in vitro, can differentiate into a mature oocyte; however, there are still a lot of debates and complications attached to this concept. In addition, this is yet to be established using human ovarian stem cells, but, if established, would be a novel fertility preservation and treatment technique for women with infertility-related complications. This review gives comprehensive details of the available clinical application of stem cells in infertility treatment.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: sobhan rezaiian
Date Deposited: 14 Oct 2018 11:22
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2018 11:22
URI: http://eprints.lums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1407

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