Influence of CO2 Laser Irradiation and CPPACP Paste Application on Demineralized Enamel Microhardness

Khamverdi, Zahra and Kordestani, Matin and Panahandeh, Narges and Naderi, Fariba and Kasraei, Shahin (2018) Influence of CO2 Laser Irradiation and CPPACP Paste Application on Demineralized Enamel Microhardness. Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences, 9 (2). pp. 144-148.

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Introduction: It has been suggested that the application of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate paste (CPP-ACP) and CO2 laser irradiation on enamel could increase the resistance of enamel to caries and acid attacks. The aim of the current study was to compare the influence of CPP-ACP paste application and irradiation of CO2 laser on microhardness of demineralized enamel. Methods: Thirty sound maxillary extracted premolars were selected. The crowns were cut at the cervical line and were split into facial and palatal halves. Specimens were mounted in selfcure acrylic blocks in such way that the enamel surface was exposed to 4×4 mm. After a pH cycling of the specimens, they were randomly divided into 4 groups (n=15), as follows: CG: Control group, LAS: CO2 laser, CP: CPP-ACP and LASCP: laser combined CPP-ACP treatment. The Vickers microhardness of the specimens was measured (500 g load, 5 seconds, 3 points). Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and post hoc Tukey tests (α =0.05). Results: The lowest mean Vickers microhardness value was observed in CG group (192.57±50.87 kg/mm2 ) and the highest in LASCP group (361.86±22.22 kg/mm2 ). There were significant differences between groups (P<0.001). The pairwise comparison of the groups revealed that there were significant differences between these groups: CG versus LAS, CP, LASCP (P<0.05) and LASCP versus LAS and CP (P<0.05). No significant difference between LAS group versus CP group (P>0.05) was observed. Conclusion: The results of the current study revealed that CO2 laser and CCP-ACP were effective for improvement of enamel hardness value after demineralization. Incorporation of CO2 laser irradiation and CCP-ACP paste application provides additional remineralizing potential for demineralized enamel. Keywords: CO2 laser; Casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate nano complex; Enamel microhardness

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: samira sepahvandy
Date Deposited: 29 May 2018 05:59
Last Modified: 29 May 2018 05:59

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