Biochemical effects of oleuropein in gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats

Ahmadvand, Hassan and Bagheri, Shahrokh and Tamjidi-Poor, Ahmad and Cheraghi, Mostafa and Azadpour, Mozhgan and Ezatpour, Behrouz and Moghadam, Sanaz and Shahsavari, Gholamreza and Jalalvand, Masumeh (2016) Biochemical effects of oleuropein in gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats. ARYA Atheroscler, 12. ISSN 2

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Abstract

Oleuropein is a natural antioxidant and scavenging free radicals. In the present study, we examined effect of oleuropein on the paraoxonase 1 (PON1) activity, lipid peroxidation, lipid profile, atherogenic indexes, and relationship of PON1 activity by high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) and atherogenic indices in gentamicin (GM)-induced nephrotoxicity in rats. METHODS: This is a lab trial study in Khorramabad, Lorestan province of Iran (2013). 30 Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups to receive saline; GM, 100 mg/kg/day; and GM plus oleuropein by 15 mg/kg intraperitoneal daily, respectively. After 12 days, animals were anesthetized, blood samples were also collected before killing to measure the levels of triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and very LDL (VLDL), HDL-C, atherogenic index, lipid peroxidation, and the activities of PON1 of all groups were analyzed. Data were analyzed, and P < 0.050 was considered significant. RESULTS: Oleuropein significantly decreased lipid peroxidation, TG, TC, LDL, VLDL, atherogenic index, atherogenic coefficient (AC), and cardiac risk ratio (CRR). HDL-C level was significantly increased when treated with oleuropein. The activity of PON1 in treated animals was (62.64 ± 8.68) that it was significantly higher than untreated animals (47.06 ± 4.10) (P = 0.047). The activity of PON1 in the untreated nephrotoxic rats was significantly lower than that of control animals (77.84 ± 9.43) (P = 0.030). Furthermore, the activity of PON1 correlated positively with HDL-C and negatively with AC, CRR 1, and CRR 2 in the treated group with oleuropein. CONCLUSION: This study showed that oleuropein improves PON1 activity, lipid profile, and atherogenic index and can probably decrease the risk of cardiovascular death in nephrotoxic patients. Keywords: Gentamicin; Paraoxonase 1; Lipid Peroxidation; Nephrotoxicity; Lipid; Rat; Atherogenic Index; Oleuropein

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: sobhan rezaiian
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2016 07:40
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2016 07:40
URI: http://eprints.lums.ac.ir/id/eprint/130

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