Prevalence of depression in cardiovascular patients in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis from 2000 to 2017

Ghaemmohamadi, Mozhgan Sadat and Behzadifar, Meysam and Ghashghaee, Ahmad and Mousavinejad, Nasrin and Ebadi, Faezeh and Shahri, Sahar Sadat Saeedi and Seyedin, Hesam and Behzadifar, Masoud and Bragazzi, Nicola Luigi (2018) Prevalence of depression in cardiovascular patients in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis from 2000 to 2017. JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS, 227. pp. 149-155. ISSN 0165-0327

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Abstract

Background: In both developed and developing countries, cardiovascular disease is on the rise, representing nowadays one of the main challenges for the health systems worldwide. This increase generates relevant costs. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic and meta-analytical review of the prevalence of depression in cardiovascular patients in Iran. Methods: Articles written in English and Persian were searched from January 2000 to July 2017 in different scholarly databases. Results: 12 studies were retained and included in the current meta-analysis. Selected studies were published between 2008 and 2016. The number of patients participating in these studies was 9292. Based on the random-effects model, the prevalence of depression in cardiovascular patients in Iran was 47% [95% confidence interval or CI 38-56], I-2 = 98.2% with P = 0.000. The relative risk (RR) of depression in cardiovascular patients yielded a value of 1.30 [95%CI 1.05-1.62] with P < 0.001. Women are more at risk for depression than men. Conclusion: The current meta-analysis estimated the prevalence of depression among cardiovascular patients in Iran. The prevalence found computed by the present study is higher than the figures found in developed countries. Depression with cardiovascular disease causes many problems for these patients, and early diagnosis and treatment significantly helps in improving quality of life, as well as saving costs and resources.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: sobhan rezaiian
Date Deposited: 07 May 2018 10:09
Last Modified: 07 May 2018 10:09
URI: http://eprints.lums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1268

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