Seroprevalence and Risk Factors of Toxocara canis Infection in Children (2-15 Years Old) Referred to Health Centers of Lorestan Province, Iran

Mahmoudvand, Hossein and Taee, Nadereh and Ebrahimzadeh, Farzad and Mirhosseini, Mojgan Sadat and Faraji, Mojgan (2018) Seroprevalence and Risk Factors of Toxocara canis Infection in Children (2-15 Years Old) Referred to Health Centers of Lorestan Province, Iran. JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC INFECTIOUS DISEASES, 13 (1). pp. 20-24.

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Abstract

This study aims to evaluate the seroprevalence and risk factors for Toxocara canis infection in children (2-15 years old) referred to health centers of Lorestan province, Iran. This cross-sectional study was performed from August 2016 to March 2017 on 316 children. All serum samples were tested using the commercially available anti IgG-Toxocara kit (IBL, Germany) according to manufacturer's instructions. Of the 316 children, 14 (4.4%) tested seropositive for anti-T. canis IgG antibody. The variables used to evaluate association between risk factors and status of anti-T. canis IgG antibodies were age, gender, area of residence, eosinophilia, contact with dogs, and consumption of raw or unwashed vegetables and fruits. Risk factors that were significantly related to T. canis seropositivity included living in rural regions (p = 0.018) and contact with dogs (p = 0.001). However, other demographic and risk factors did not demonstrate any association with T. canis seropositivity. To conclude, we found that T. canis infection is prevalent among children (2-15 years old) referred to health centers of Lorestan province, Iran with an overall seroprevalence rate of 4.4%. These findings may be a warning for health centers to pay special attention to toxocariasis among children (2-15 years old) and design screening programs for its prevention.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: sobhan rezaiian
Date Deposited: 07 May 2018 06:34
Last Modified: 07 May 2018 06:34
URI: http://eprints.lums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1259

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