Olive (Olea europaea) leaf extract alters the cytokine profile of Leishmania major-infected macrophages: New insight into the underlying mechanism

Kheirandish, farnaz and Mosaffa, N and Tarahi, M. J and Fallahi, Sh Olive (Olea europaea) leaf extract alters the cytokine profile of Leishmania major-infected macrophages: New insight into the underlying mechanism. PARASITE IMMUNOLOGY, 40 (4). ISSN 0141-9838

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Official URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/p...

Abstract

This study aimed to identify the effects of olive leaf extract (OLE) on IFN, TNF, TGF and nitric oxide (NO) resulted from macrophages infected with Leishmania major (L.major) amastigotes in the culture medium. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to analyse the level of Oleuropein in plant extract. To evaluate the immunomodulatory effects of OLE, the isolated BALB/c mice peritoneal macrophages were infected with L.major promastigotes and treated with 6.25, 12.5 and 25g/mL concentrations of OLE. To assess the cytokines, supernatants of cell cultures were harvested after 12, 24 and 48hours. Cytokine production was evaluated by ELISA. Nitrite accumulation in the culture medium was assessed using the Griess reaction. The level of Oleuropein in the extract was 18.45% by HPLC. According to results, the production of IFN and TNF was significantly increased when the infected and/or not infected macrophages with L.major promastigotes were affected by different concentrations of OLE. Conversely, the production of TGF was significantly decreased under the same conditions. Furthermore, the colorimetric determination of NO accumulation in the culture medium indicated that OLE has no effect on NO production. The study corroborates the immunomodulatory effects of OLE on L.major-infected macrophages.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: sobhan rezaiian
Date Deposited: 07 May 2018 05:23
Last Modified: 07 May 2018 05:23
URI: http://eprints.lums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1254

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