Administration of pentoxifylline to improve anemia of hemodialysis patients

Shahbazian, Heshmatolah and Ghorbani, Ali and Zafar-Mohtashami, Azita and Balali, Abdolreza and AleAli, Armaghan and Lashkarara, Gholam Reza (2017) Administration of pentoxifylline to improve anemia of hemodialysis patients. J Renal Inj Prev, 6. pp. 61-64.

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Introduction: One of the most important causes of erythropoietin-resistant anemia in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients is increased levels of inflammatory cytokines. Objectives: In this study pentoxifylline, an anti-inflammatory and anti-cytokine drug, with no significant side effects was used to manage anemia in ESRD patients. Patients and Methods: Thirty-nine ESRD patients with erythropoietin-resistant anemia were assigned to two groups, the treatment and the control groups. In treatment group, 19 patients received erythropoietin, venofer and pentoxifylline for 6 months. Patients in control group received erythropoietin and venofer. Hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit (Hct), albumin and quantitative C-reactive protein (CRP) were measured at the beginning of the study, monthly and at the end of the study. Results: Hb and Hct were significantly increased in the treatment group (9.33±1.25 g/dL and 28.08±3.88% at baseline; 11.22 ± 1.26 g/dL and 34.02 ± 3.72% at sixth month, P = 0.01), but not in the control group. CRP was significantly decreased in the treatment group but no significant change occurred in the control group. Conclusion: Pentoxifylline is effective in improvement of erythropoietin-resistant anemia in ESRD patients.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RX Homeopathy
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: sobhan rezaiian
Date Deposited: 30 Dec 2017 19:20
Last Modified: 30 Dec 2017 19:20

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