Deltamethrin-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Virgin Olive Oil Consumption: An Experimental Study

Khalatbary, Ali Reza and Nasiry Zarrin Ghabaee, Davood and Ahmadvand, Hassan and Talebpour Amiri, Fereshteh and Tadayoni Lehi, Somaieh (2017) Deltamethrin-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Virgin Olive Oil Consumption: An Experimental Study. Iran J Med Sci. pp. 586-592.

[img] Text
Deltamethrin-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Virgin Olive Oil Consumption An Experimental Study.pdf

Download (1MB)
Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29184267

Abstract

Background: Deltamethrin (DM) is a synthetic pyrethroid insecticide which can lead to pathological effects in mammals through oxidative stress. On the other hand, virgin olive oil (VOO) is a rich source of phenolic compounds with antioxidants. The aim of the present study was to determine the protective effects of VOO against DM-induced hepatotoxicity. Methods: Thirty-six mice were randomly separated into 4 groups: vehicle group, VOO group, DM group, and DM plus VOO group. Immunohistochemistry of PARP, COX-2, and caspase-3 with the biochemical analysis of malondialdehyde and total antioxidant capacity levels were performed in the liver samples 5 weeks after gavaging. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS, version 15. The data were compared between the groups using the Tukey multiple comparison tests and the analysis of the variance. A P value <0.05 was considered significant. Results: The malondialdehyde level in the liver was increased in the DM group (71.18±0.01), whereas it was significantly (P=0.001) decreased after VOO administration in the DM plus VOO group (39.59±2.43). While the total antioxidant capacity level in the liver was decreased in the DM group (3.05±0.05), it was significantly increased (P=0.03) after VOO administration in the DM plus VOO group (3.95±0.04). A greater expression of caspase-3 (P=0.008), COX-2 (P =0.004), and PARP (P 0.006) could be detected in the DM group, while it was significantly (P=0.009) attenuated in the DM plus VOO group. Also, the degeneration of hepatocytes, which was detected in the DM group, was attenuated after VOO consumption. Conclusions: VOO exerted protective effects against DM-induced hepatotoxicity, which might be associated with its anti-apoptotic, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidative properties.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RB Pathology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: sobhan rezaiian
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2017 20:14
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2017 20:14
URI: http://eprints.lums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1090

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item