The effect of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS3 protein on the expression of miR-150, miR-199a, miR-335, miR-194 and miR-27a

Khanizadeh, Sayyad and Ravanshad, Mehrdad and Hosseini, Seyed Younes and Davoodian, Parivash and Almasian, Mohammad and Khanlari, Zahra (2017) The effect of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS3 protein on the expression of miR-150, miR-199a, miR-335, miR-194 and miR-27a. MICROBIAL PATHOGENESIS, 110. pp. 688-693. ISSN 0882-4010

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Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is considered one of the most important causes of chronic liver diseases. Many reports have shown that the proteins of the HCV via interactions with gene expression regulatory networks such as cellular pathways and microRNAs can contribute to the development of chronic liver diseases. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of the HCV NS3 protein on the expression of miR-150 miR-199a, miR-335, miR-194, miR-27a in a cell culture model. Plasmids expressing the full length of the HCV NS3 protein were transfected into the LX-2 cell line, while at the same time a plasmid expressing empty GFP (green fluorescent protein) was used as a negative control group. Subsequently, total RNA was extracted and real-time PCR was performed to measure microRNA expression levels. Additionally, the trypan blue exclusion test was performed to examine the effect of the expressing NS3 protein plasmid on cellular viability. The analysis of microRNA gene expression in LX-2 cells indicated that the NS3 protein, which is endogenous to HCV, can significantly upregulate the expression of miR27a and downregulate the expression of miR-335 and miR-150 in comparison with the control plasmid expressing GFP and normal cells (p < 0.01). These results suggest that the HCV NS3 protein may play a role in the pathogenesis of chronic hepatic diseases such as liver fibrosis via interaction with cellular microRNAs and modulation of microRNA gene expressions. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords Author Keywords:HCV; Chronic hepatitis; NS3; microRNA; LX-2; Fibrosis KeyWords Plus:STELLATE CELLS; LIVER-DISEASE; NONSTRUCTURAL PROTEINS; GENE-EXPRESSION; MYB; RECEPTOR; CORE; INFECTION

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: sobhan rezaiian
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2017 15:45
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2017 15:45

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