Removal of organic materials and hexavalent chromium from landfill leachate using a combination of electrochemical and photocatalytic processes

Rezaie, Elahe and Sadeghi, Mahdi and Khoramabadi, Ghodratollah Shams (2017) Removal of organic materials and hexavalent chromium from landfill leachate using a combination of electrochemical and photocatalytic processes. DESALINATION AND WATER TREATMENT, 85. pp. 264-270. ISSN 1944-3994

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Abstract

Leachate is one of the major problems of municipal waste landfills. Landfills produce a dark black colored liquid with high levels of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and heavy metals and low biochemical oxygen demand (BOD)/COD ratio. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effectiveness of an electrochemical process using graphite and platinum electrodes and photocatalytic properties of titanium dioxide nanoparticles stabilized on bentonite at different reaction times for removal of chromium and organic materials from leachate. Equipment used in the electrochemical reactor included an anode electrode plate, a commercial platinum electrode and a graphite cathode. We also evaluated the impact of electrical current density (1-4 A/m(2)), reaction time (1-8 h), concentration of catalyst (1-4 g/L) and UV radiation intensity (3-8 UV lamps). The results showed that the removal efficiency increased with increasing reaction time, current density, intensity of UV radiation and dose of catalyst. Moreover, biodegradability (BOD/COD ratio) was improved. Based on the results, this electrochemical pretreatment process can remove organics materials, heavy metals, reduce organic load and increase wastewater biodegradability. Thus, it can be used as an efficient option for treating sewage and preventing environment pollution. Keywords Author Keywords:Leachate; Organic matter; Chromium; Electrochemical; Photocatalytic processes KeyWords Plus:WASTE-WATER; ALUMINUM ELECTRODES; ELECTROCOAGULATION; OXIDATION; IRRADIATION; WASTEWATERS; DEGRADATION; REACTOR; CR(VI); IRON

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: sobhan rezaiian
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2017 15:23
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2017 15:23
URI: http://eprints.lums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1051

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